Saroja was born in Bellary, Karnataka in 1937 in a literal family. At the end of this Dasaratha-Jataka discourse, the Buddhist text declares that the Buddha in his prior rebirth was Rama: The Master having ended this discourse, declared the Truths, and identified the Birth (...): 'At that time, the king Suddhodana was king Dasaratha, Mahamaya was the mother, Rahula's mother was Sita, Ananda was Bharata, and I myself was Rama-Pandita. [118] After the enactment of the legendary war between Good and Evil, the Ramlila celebrations climax in the Dussehra (Dasara, Vijayadashami) night festivities where the giant grotesque effigies of Evil such as of demon Ravana are burnt, typically with fireworks. Discover the People, Places and Businesses of India. [22], Additional names of Rama include Ramavijaya (Javanese), Phreah Ream (Khmer), Phra Ram (Lao and Thai), Megat Seri Rama (Malay), Raja Bantugan (Maranao), Ramudu (Telugu), Ramar (Tamil). But everytime she gave it to him she first tasted it to ensure, it was sweet and tasty. [18] The word also appears in ancient Upanishads and Aranyakas layer of Vedic literature, as well as music and other post-Vedic literature, but in qualifying context of something or someone who is "charming, beautiful, lovely" or "darkness, night". Rama ultimately reaches Lanka, fights in a war that has many ups and downs, but ultimately Rama prevails, kills Ravana and forces of evil, and rescues his wife Sita. Inaugurated in 1928 by Sir C P Ramaswami Aiyar, The Music Academy is one of the finest sabhas in Chennai. [134], The Dasaratha-Jataka (Tale no. Towards the end of his life, Rama becomes a Jaina monk then successfully attains siddha followed by moksha. This text is notable because the poetry in the text is exquisite and called a Mahakavya in the Indian tradition, and has attracted many scholarly commentaries. 2:35. The festival, which began on Friday, also saw performances by Bharatanatyam dancers Rama Vaidyanathan and Meenakshi Srinivasan. —Ramayana 6.115, Valmiki(Abridged, Translator: Roderick Hindery)[66], As a person, Rama personifies the characteristics of an ideal person (purushottama). She received her initial training in Bharatanatyam at the Saraswati Gana Nilayam in Chennai. Rama responds to public gossip by renouncing his wife, and asking her to undergo a test before Agni (fire). Through death, he joins her in afterlife. 461) provides a version of the Rama story. [18] The word Rama appears in ancient literature in reverential terms for three individuals:[18], The name Rama appears repeatedly in Hindu texts, for many different scholars and kings in mythical stories. [15] The "staging of the Ramayana based on the Ramacharitmanas" was inscribed in 2008 by UNESCO as one of the Intangible Cultural Heritages of Humanity. It is also significant because Kalidasa has been dated to between the 4th and 5th century CE, suggesting that the Ramayana legend was well established by the time of Kalidasa. Surendranath Dasgupta, A History of Indian Philosophy, Volume 2, Cambridge University Press. [1][96] The Sanskrit poem Bhaṭṭikāvya of Bhatti, who lived in Gujarat in the seventh century CE, is a retelling of the epic that simultaneously illustrates the grammatical examples for Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī as well as the major figures of speech and the Prakrit language. [86][119], The Ramlila festivities were declared by UNESCO as one of the "Intangible Cultural Heritages of Humanity" in 2008. She is considered as one of the best interpreters of the ancient art form of Bharata Natyam. Girija Vaidyanathan is the Chief Secretary of Tamil Nadu Government.. She became the 45th Chief Secretary of the state and also the fourth woman to get to that post after Lakshmi Pranesh, S Malathi and Sheela Balakrishnan, and third in the AIADMK regimes so far. Travel Guide | Colleges | Schools | Members | PIN Codes | For other Ram, see, Rama is a Hindu deity, his iconography varies. The primary source of the life of Rama is the Sanskrit epic Ramayana composed by Rishi Valmiki. [47] Rama dying by drowning himself is found in the Myanmar version of Rama's life story called Thiri Rama. [60][61] According to John Brockington, a professor of Sanskrit at Oxford known for his publications on the Ramayana, the original text was likely composed and transmitted orally in more ancient times, and modern scholars have suggested various centuries in the 1st millennium BCE. KP Yasodha, Smt Rama Vaidyanathan, Smt. Jain Texts also mentioned Rama as the eighth balabhadra among the 63 salakapurusas. 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