What is “the Righteousness of God”? For the one who is justified by God, his place in heaven is as certain this very moment, as if he has already been there 10,000 years. In this legal act, God declares us to be righteous based upon what Christ secured for us when He lived perfectly under the Law. The ultimate curse of breaking the Law is the second death. Everything in Romans revolves around this important theological word, ârighteousness.â If we are to comprehend the book of Romans, we must have a strategic grasp of what this word means. When we are judged by God, some people have the mistaken idea that in order to be right with Him, they only have to be relatively close to meeting His standard of perfect holiness. The Coming Wrath of God: Self-Righteousness Is Unrighteousness (Romans 2:1-29), 5. In other words, the righteousness of Jesus is given to us when we believe in order to make us right before God. Romans: The Gospel of God's Righteousness Related Media. Instead, we will be measured in the divine scales against the perfect holiness of God. Paul will argue in the book of Romans that everyone who is justified by faith will begin the lifelong pursuit of practical righteousness. The divine act of justification is irrevocable and irreversible. The following are sermons and messages Dr. Steven J. Lawson delivered through various the books of the Bible. Bob was born and raised in a Christian home i... More. In Romans 6:1 through chapter 8:17, this next section is about the daily life of the believer who practices a lifestyle of personal righteousness. This introduction divides into three parts: 1-7 is the salutation, which we looked at for several weeks. Love, Law, and the Last Days (Romans 13:8-14), 35. This is the righteousness that the Scriptures prophesied would come. He states that all people lack the perfect righteousness required in order to have a right standing before God. Study and Exposition of Romans 1:8-15; 3. The German reformer Martin Luther was converted by reading Romans 1:17, which, in turn, ignited the Protestant Reformation. Our righteousness is as filthy rags before God (Isaiah 64:6). The Outworking of God’s Righteousness (Romans 12-16) 1. When we believe in Jesus Christ, God credits the perfect righteousness of Jesus Christ to our account. But all glory goes to God because He has provided all the righteousness we need to be right before Him. The Righteousness of God Romans 1:16-17 Delivered 11/14/2010. In the third major section, Paul expounds the truth that all who are justified will pursue a life of practical righteousness. Conformity to the holy character of God in His word brings blessing. The Righteousness of God – Romans 3:21-26 This section is brief, but forms a theologically rich transition in the book of Romans. Paul will conclude this section on predestination with a doxology. Further, he states that Gentiles are also included among those chosen for salvation. III. What Is This Thing Called Love? The best we have to bring to God is like a woman's dirty rags, unclean in His pure sight. He suddenly saw that the righteousness God provides through faith in Christ. The apostle concludes, âFor I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lordâ (Romans 8:38-39). 19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. 21 But now, apart from the law, God’s righteousness has been revealed—attested by the Law and the Prophets— 22 that is, God’s righteousness through faith in Jesus Christ, to all who believe, since there is no distinction. Here is Paul's prosecuting indictment against all mankind. Romans 3:21–26 (ESV) 21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22 the righteousness of God … Some places of hell will be hotter than others. Romans 1:17 The original meaning of the δικ- word group was “that which was customary,” but was used to describe what was right in judicial cases. When Jesus died on the cross, He … In Romans 9 through 11, Paul addresses the subject of Godâs predestination and His eternal purposes to save a remnant in Israel. At the heart of New Testament thinking about righteousness is the notion of God's righteousness (Matthew 6:33; Acts 17:31; Romans 1:17; Ephesians 4:24; James 1:20). God also deposits the riches of the righteousness of Jesus Christ in the account of the one who believes in Him. The dominant message of the opening prologue of Romans is the gospel of Jesus Christ (1:1-17). A woman would go into the marketplace and approach a merchant in order to purchase a measure of grain. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, âBut the righteous man shall live by faithâ (Romans 1:17). IV. Remember only God’s level of righteousness is sufficient. 4. Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas, and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation. By way of historical background, the concept of ârighteousnessâ is drawn from the ancient marketplace at this time. It comes down from above, from a foreign realm. The holy vengeance of God must react against all that is unholy. This section on the condemnation of the human race is the foundation upon which stands all else that Paul will write. Luther discovered that he would not be saved by his own self-righteousness. He accomplished all this for His own glory. Watching Out for Wolves (Romans 16:17-27). Topics addressed include the purpose of the Epistle to the Romans and the nature of the Apostle Paul's central argument, Paul's theological foundation of his "not ashamed" assertions, and the various aspects of God's righteousness elaborated in the epistle. The entire record â your every thought, every fantasy, every idle word, every slander, every gossip â has been kept by God. In the same way that love and faithfulness go together (v.10a), so do righteousness and peace. What we contend for is simply this - that the phrase δικαιοσύνη Θεοῦ means God's own righteousness, which, manifested in the atoning Christ, embraces believers, so that to them too righteousness may be imputed (Romans 4:11). (Romans 12:9-13), 32. This only brings us back to a zero status in our standing before God. God, thank you for your righteousness. Moreover, they are raised with Christ, empowered to live a new life by this same power of the resurrection. (4) For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. Christianity is not merely an intellectual pursuit that never affects the heart, nor activates the will. Justification and sanctification are a package deal. Because the righteousness of God is provided, applied, and preserved entirely by God, all glory must be ascribed to Him. Then the two sides of the scales were ârighteous,â meaning both sides were in perfect conformity to each other. Background Material and Argument of the Book; 1. Every idle word will be entered as evidence in the divine courtroom. We need more than the forgiveness of our sins in order to be right with God. We constantly updating with new transcripts as they are completed, thank you for your patience. (3:21-22; HCSB) Therefore, it is not through the Law of Moses that God’s righteousness can be revealed. The Wrath of God While the concept of the love of God should never be minimized, it is also true that there is another element to the nature of our Creator: he also is a God of wrath. The Present Wrath of God (Romans 1:15-32), 3. This is called His active obedience to the Law. Every sin of omission â what we did not do, but should have done â will be admitted. Sanctification is not sitting in an ivory tower being disconnected from the realities of life. If a person is declared to be the righteousness of God, it is, ultimately, because God chose that individual in eternity past to receive this perfect standing before Him. Stated another way, righteousness is the God-given quality imputed to man upon believing in Christ. He meant that this righteousness came from outside of himself. It was used in the sense of “judgement, lawsuit, trial, and penalty.” If the merchant saw that the grain weighed less than the standard, he would pour more grain onto the scales until the scales were balanced. All our righteousness is as filthy rags in His sight (Isaiah 64:6). Thinking Straight About Spiritual Gifts (Romans 12:3-8), 31. Abraham: The Faith of Our Father (Romans 3:27-4:25), 8. Righteousness in Romans is sometimes described as a quality that God reckons (logizomai) to a person. These two are inseparably bound together. The apostle writes, âFor from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. When Paul writes in Romans 1:17, âFor in it the righteousness of God,â those two little words, âof God,â make an enormous difference in how we are to understand what is being taught. The Gospel Reveals God’s Righteousness. We are looking at Paul's introduction to the book of Romans, which covers verse 1 thru 17. When we believe in Jesus Christ, God does more than merely wipe away our spiritual debt. This reveals how holy God is and how serious any breach of His Law is. But tragically, none can meet the mark. When I was in the service I was working in a operating room and they were doing kidney surgery on a fellow. In the first major section of Romans, Paul presents his case for the condemnation of the entire human race. The words âjustifiedâ (dikaioo) and ârighteousnessâ (dikaoisune) come from the same Greek root word. Blessings are pronounced upon those who are in perfect conformity to the holiness of God. As Luther pondered this verse, divine light flooded his heart. The Loveliness of the Law and the Ugliness of Sin (Romans 7:7-13), 15. Divine Election is Questioned (Romans 9:14-23), 23. in 1971. Study and Exposition of Romans 1:1-7; 2. 20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. Q. In Romans 7, Paul gives instruction that believers still struggle with their flesh. Paul's primary theme in Romans is the basic gospel, God's plan of salvation and righteousness for all humankind, Jew and Gentile alike (see 1:16-17 and notes). In fact, âglorifiedâ is stated in the present as if it has already occurred in the future. Measured by this standard of perfection, we have all been weighed in the balances and found wanting. It is the signature text for this epistle that has been called the most important book in the Bible. V. Predestination: Righteousness Foreordained(9:1-11:36). The righteousness demanded by God is unachievable by man. THE IMPUTED RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD ROMANS 4 – 5:5. It asserts that the righteousness of God imputed in justification cannot be annulled. He shows that within the chosen nation of Israel, not all Israel is Israel. This concept is particularly prominent in chapter 4 wher God credits Abraham as righteous (4:3). Romans 3:23 notes, "all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God." But we will not be weighed against those with whom we live or work. What you did when you were in high school has been recorded. Every believer is already acquitted of all charges and declared to be righteous throughout all the ages to come. Every man, woman, and child are guilty of cosmic treason against God. Study and Exposition of Romans 2:1-16 A Solace in Suffering: The Sovereignty of God (Romans 8:28), 20. II. It is the signature text for this epistle that has … Exploring the Riches of the Book of Romans (Romans 1-16), B. Righteousness: Itâs Not What You Know or Who You Are (Romans 1:1-3:26), C. The Basis and the Benefits of Justification (Romans 3:27-5:1-21), C. The Responsibilities of Justification: The Agony and the Ecstasy (Romans 6:1-8:39), D. The Righteousness of God in History: How God Can Use Sin Without Excusing It (Romans 9-11), E. The Outworking of Godâs Righteousness (Romans 12-16), 1. God deposits to the spiritually bankrupt account the righteousness of Christ. This verse contains the central theme for the entire book of Romans. When weighed in the balances against this impeccable standard, we discover that we have all sinned and fallen woefully short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23). Otherwise, His divine wrath is the infliction of His just punishment upon all that does not conform to His own character. An End to the Reign of Death (Romans 6:1-14), 11. Everything that Paul has stated in these initial seventeen verses has been climbing to this lofty mountain peak in verse 17. To Him be the glory forever. A person must be justified now, or he will never be justified. That is to say, though they are an elect nation, there is a remnant within the nation that has been sovereignly elected for salvation. For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. In this sense it isn't a quality that Paul tends to talk about as being intrinsic to a person apart from God. There can be no sweeping our rebellious sin under the carpet. Every sin will receive a just penalty (Hebrews 2:3-4). This assertion explains the perfect righteousness of God that comes from God Himself in the gospel to those who have no righteousness of their own. This includes all people, including moralistic Jews, who have failed to meet the standard of Godâs own glory (2:1-3:8). We have all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23). The final major section of Romans is found in chapters 12 to 16, where Paul shows the specific manner with which the righteousness of God is to be lived. Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. And they are becoming more and more of what Jesus is. Paul explains that Godâs promises regarding the salvation of His chosen nation have not failed. Paul’s Motivation for Ministry (Romans 1:1-17) 2. Believing in Christ is the work of faith, not the work of the flesh, which produces righteousness (Romans 4:5-6). For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last.” These verses stand as the theme of the entire Book of Romans. It is God's own righteousness that He provides in the gospel. He put his faith in Jesus Christ and was justified by God. The standard established by God is Himself. God cannot look the other way and ignore our offenses. Here is the interpretative key that unlocks the letter to the Romans and contains the very heart of the gospel. Pleasing Others and Praising God (Romans 15:1-13), 39. No one can overrule God's favorable verdict toward believers. They wrongly presume that God will grade them on a moral curve. And one who is presently âjustifiedâ is already âglorifiedâ in the mind of God. The reality of sanctification in a personâs life becomes the strongest validation that they are a true Christian. Q. âAll thingsâ are âto Him,â meaning that God is the Aim and purpose of grace. Justification: Righteousness Received(3:21-5:21). Here in this single verse is the small acorn from which the entire forest of the book of Romans grows. What you said to your father growing up. He believed in Jesus Christ and received from God the righteousness he needed. In fact, sin separates us from God. This is the longest introduction of Paul's. Loving Your Enemies: Overcoming Evil With Good (Romans 12:14-21), 33. I’ve had people ask me what qualifications I have. The requirement to be righteous in the sight of God and acceptable in His sight is that we stand in perfect conformity to the morally pure holiness of God. People also ask me how I got the ability to teach. It is not addressing philosophical questions that have no practical relevance for the manner with which we live. Study and Exposition of Romans 1:18-32; 5. We are saved not only by His death, but also by His life. What you did when you were overseas with the military is in your permanent file. The Greek genitive case has important exegetical significance due to the variety of interpretations it … Divine holiness means that He is morally perfect and personally flawless in His being, words, actions, and judgments. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “But the righteous man shall live by faith” (Romans 1:17). It is the lifelong obedience of Christ, which is as important for achieving righteousness as his substitutionary death upon the cross. It functions as the connecting bridge, joining chapters 1-11 with chapters 12-16. One of the most important of these, which appears particularly m Romans, is the word group for righteousness. [PHILIPPIANS 3:9] That the “righteousness of God” refers to a divine gift is clear from Philippians … But such thinking falsely presumes that the standard by which we will be measured is the vague average morality of the human race. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes. No matter how long a person lives, wherever he goes, he will never hear a better pronouncement than this good news in the gospel of Jesus Christ. They are convinced that if they are better than most other people, they will surely gain acceptance with God. First, there is a reference to God's righteousness. 3:1–6). The second major section of Romans presents the righteousness of God that is imputed to one who believes in Jesus Christ. The psalmist says, ‘righteousness and peace kiss each other’ (v.10b). This section details how we are to be living in conformity with the standard of God's own holiness. (B)22 This righteousness(C)is given through faith(D)in[a]Jesus Christ(E)to all who believe. What you did when you were in junior high school is on the books. Nothing will circumvent the fulfillment of Godâs salvation toward them. The entire case against every unbeliever will be documented. Everyone in the human race must be clothed by God's own righteousness in order to be received into Godâs holy presence with acceptance. In Romans 6, Paul teaches that this changed life is produced in every believer because he is united with Jesus Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection. Romans 9 provides the most straightforward and comprehensive case for the doctrine of the sovereignty of God in salvation to be found anywhere in the Bible. When a person commits his life to Jesus Christ, the perfect righteousness that God demands is immediately credited to his account. On the last day, these divine books will be opened and our entire lifetime of sins will be made known in the final judgment. 2:6–10; Eph. Love and Liberty: Liberties Love Wonât Take (Romans 14:1-23), 36. The best we have by which to commend ourselves to God is like unclean menstrual rags in the pure eyes of holy God. Romans 12:1 begins with the word âtherefore,â which is arguably the most important âthereforeâ in the Bible. He requires conformity to His own moral perfection. That is how the word ârighteousnessâ was used by the apostle Paul in explaining the gospel. Man Opposes; God Disposes (Romans 9:1-13), 22. This is the eternal punishment of hell. Conversely, a punitive punishment is assigned for any failure by man to be in perfect conformity to the holiness of God. Shutting the Mouths of the Self-Righteous (Romans 3:9-20), 6. The Wisdom of God and the Wisdom of Man (Romans 11:25-36), 30. There can be no pretending that it never happened. They are thinking more like Jesus and are obeying more like Him. Every sin of commission â what we did, but we should not have done â will be will be presented as evidence. Those who put their trust in Jesus are crucified with Him. Please use these sermons to dig deeper into God's Word as your faith is strengthened. Nothing can ever separate them from the righteousness of God that has been imputed to them. Throughout the entirety of His life, Jesus obeyed the Law in the place of law-breaking sinners in two ways, by His active and passive obedience. The whole book of Romans revolves around this highly significant word ârighteousness.â In this lesson, we will survey the entire epistle and discover how each section of the book relates to this one word, ârighteousness.â, I. Condemnation: Righteousness Required (1:18-3:20). Paul states that every person has been found wanting when weighed against the flawless holiness of God (3:9-18). This next section presents the doctrine of justification by faith. Sanctification: Righteousness Realized (6:1-8:25). It is Christ's perfect righteousness that is given to the one who believes. God Has Revealed His Righteousness by the Law. God will not lower the standard one half inch to meet anyone where we are. If any part of the righteousness we need is attributed to us, the glory, in part, would be shared between God and man. Dr. Lawson is also a Teaching Fellow for Ligonier Ministries, where he serves on its board. Equipping and energizing a new generation of Bible expositors. The righteousness of God is a righteousness which He reveals to us and permits us to share. In this context, the word âofâ indicates the source of this righteousness. This vast fortune of righteousness comes through Jesus Christ. Romans “I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. This breaks the dominant power that sin once had over a personâs life. The argument concludes where it began, with all mankind under the wrath of God (3:19-20). Everything in this divinely-inspired letter proceeds from this one text. It is God’s righteousness made visible through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ. All mankind is marred by ungodliness and unrighteousness (1:18). Neither is God going to meet us halfway. We can discern who is justified by the evidence of a changed life. The Apostle Paul, writing to the early church in Rome, was explaining the Gospel, the Good News that would eventually spread throughout the whole Roman Empire. All our sinful attitudes, deceitful words, lustful thoughts, and disobedient deeds have been written down in the divine records. But God provides the righteousness that we need to be right with Him in the gospel. This truth is known as the doctrine of sanctification, which teaches that believers are being progressively conformed to the holiness of God. Peace comes from living in a right relationship with God (Romans 5:1). After the rejection of Christ by the nation Israel, the question should be raised: Have these promises of God toward His chosen people failed? Romans 9:30-10:4. He would then take a corresponding metal weight and place it on the other side of the scale. Amenâ (Romans 11:36). Comforting Questions (Romans 8:31-39), 21. If a person is not justified presently in this life, he will never be justified on the last day. The expression “wrath of God” is found about a dozen times in the text of the English Bible (ASV). The Christian and Civil Government (Romans 13:1-7), 34. This righteousness came from God having been secured by Jesus Christ through His sinless life and substitutionary death. But if there is no evidence of sanctification, it calls into question whether there is the reality of justification. Hell will not be the same for everyone. Well, I’m just a layman, and a rancher, but I’ve spent a lot of time in The Book. These two theological words come into the English language as completely different sounding words, but they both come from the same root word in the original language. Those who are justified are becoming increasingly sanctified. Christianity gets down into the fabric of our daily lives. A. Here is the most emphatic statement imaginable concerning the eternal security of every believer in their righteous standing before God. For, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness. Justification: A Divine Perspective (Romans 3:21-26), 7. We can detect the genuineness of a personâs confession of faith in Christ by their fruit. The sinless life and sin-bearing death of Christ achieved the necessary righteousness. In the second half of Romans 8, Paul explains that all who have been justified are held secure forever in Christ. Luther must simply believe in Christ. The Only Road to Righteousness (Romans 10:1-13), 26. Believers are becoming less and less of what they once were. This verse contains the central theme for the entire book of Romans. Spiritual zeros do not enter heaven. Siding With the Spirit (Romans 8:1-17), 16. VI. The article examines the theology of the Righteousness of God as seen in the New Testament passage of Romans 1:17. "Of God" means in the present instance "which proceeds from God." The word for righteous (dikaios) occurs seven times, the word for righteousness (dikaiosune) occurs thirty-three times, and the verb (dikaioo) occurs fifteen times. A powerful argument supporting the idea that God's righteousness in Romans and Philippians has the same meaning are the numerous parallels between Romans 10:1-6 and Philippians 3:2-9 (see figure 4). The apostle shows how the teaching of the doctrine must be connected to daily life. âAll thingsâ are âfrom Him,â meaning God is the Author and Provider of all grace from eternity past. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). In this lesson, our focus will be upon the first half of this critical text, âFor in it, the righteousness of God is revealed.â To understand these first nine words is to understand the essence of the gospel itself. Romans 1:15-32 ), 17 affect giving in modern times in the new Testament passage of,! Enemies: Overcoming Evil with good ( Romans 10:1-13 ), 9 the holy character of 's... Our rebellious sin under the wrath of God ’ s righteousness made visible through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ God. 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