Overwinter, I leave if the flower heads in place, the frost looks attractive on the flower heads and livens up the winter borders. Remove stems by ½ to force horizontal growth. Sedum 'Purple Emperor' is such a plant. Even after the foliage has died back, the skeletal ice-plant flowers look attractive through the winter, and can be left until the following spring when they can be cut off to tidy the plant in preparation for welcoming the new summer’s flowers. In some varieties the flowering can be so dense that the leaves are completely hidden. Sedums will also root if placed in a Vase or water and produce most interesting off shoots which can be rooted up for more plants. Blooms freely from August through September, and is as popular with the butterflies and bees as the more usual purple-flowered Sedums. There are many hundreds of varieties of Sedum available, though the range in local garden centres tends to be restricted to the most popular types. Most types of Sedum are drought-tolerant and require no watering, though a few varieties of the creeping stonecrops are a little thirstier, so check the plant’s requirements with the nursery before buying a new variety for a very dry site. Pruning is generally unnecessary and Sedums can be kept in check by cutting back creeping types at the ends, or ice-plants can be tip pruned in spring to reduce the height if needed. Sedum look great when they are emerging with fresh strong green waxy foliage, beautiful just as the buds are emerging, and when fully in flower. Its blue-green evergreen foliage really brightens a rock garden or container. Overwatering and overfertilizing can hurt the plants far worse than not watering or fertilizing. There are a number of native Sedum species in Europe. It is the ease of cuttings which is surprising about this plant. This handy guide comprises of approximately 55 pages, 23 illustrations and approximately 12,000 words. The best time to put new plants into the garden is from mid March to April, once the danger of frost has passed, or again in September to October. Most of the stonecrops are evergreen and have rich foliage colours that look good throughout the year. After planting, water thoroughly as this will settle the soil into place. In the tropical border itself, try the architectural Hylotelephium telephium ‘Matrona’. Sedums belong to that really useful group of plants whose flowers are long lasting . In the spring the new growth is easily visible at the root as in the image above left, which indicates that is the time to cut the Sedum back, as in the image above right. Choose a pan that is at least 40cm in diameter. If a more drastic solution is needed, take the plant out and replace it with one of the more recent varieties that does not suffer the issue as readily – ‘Purple Emperor’, for example, is not prone to sagging and can be happily left to make large clumps. 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Try using Sedum spectabile to mark the edge between the patio surface and a border, and stonecrops in the gaps between paving in less well trodden parts. A small downside with some taller Sedums is that can be lax in habit with plants not standing upright and they have a tendency to spread outwards with a bald centre. Sedum plants come in a wide variety of heights, colors, and forms. This has dark foliage and an upright growth. Taking Care of Sedum Requires very little care and attention if the soil is well drained and plenty of sunshine is provided. Sedum is usually bought in plugs or pots and transplanted into the garden. Make sure that the plants have a base of compost to sit on, and aim to end up with the crowns of the plants around the level of the top of the pan, so that water has no chance of collecting around them. Although Sedums really are a good egg of a plant, (loved by pollinators and butterflies, low maintenance, easy to grow, flower reliably and more,)  there is this one possible problem with some varieties of Sedum as shown in the image. Also, the shorter varieties have a more upright in habit. Common Sedum species used include Sedum acre, S. rupestre, and S. album.Delosperma could be tried in a sunny frost-free area. This is a low growing Sedum which forms a matt, with white flowers and good autumn colour. When choosing the plants, think about combinations of height, colour and texture, and be imaginative! How to care for Sedum */. Water, when compost appears dry to prevents the cutting from drying out until it can form its own roots in a few weeks. Sedums are best planted where they will enjoy good sun with soil that is not too dry. The flat horizontal planes formed by its pale pink flower heads harmonise well with the bold vertical lines of plants such as Irises and strap-leaved, tropical-looking plants like Cordylines. They are very versatile and can be grown in containers of all sorts, including stone troughs, wooden boxes, sinks, old watering cans, or even old washing up bowls or gardening boots! New plants can also be made by division of large clumps once they are four or five years old. There are also a number of low growing Sedums which are suitable for walls and ground cover, such as Sedum lydium, image below,  which only grows to around 5cms and has a lovely autumn colour. Stonecrops can be planted into crevices in rocks and garden walls, and they will spread across the surface. If you have a Sedum which does this, you can either trade it in for a newer model as many of the newer varieties do not do this, apply the Chelsea Chop earlier in the year, or stake it. Keep an eye on the situation, and the stonecrop can be very easily trimmed back if you feel there is going to be an impact on a particularly delicate or low plant. This new plant has recently been introduced to Britain from the US. If you are planting them in containers, add either some shredded bark or sand to make the soil mix very porous. Most stonecrop Sedums love the sun and they will grow happy and healthy if they get at least 5 hours of direct sun per day. Available direct from The Sunday Gardener in paperback - for more information, buying options and reviews and how to buy click here. This looks drastic, but the plant will be stronger and more compact, and will produce a mound of fresh foliage by July and August, though flowering will be later and may be slightly reduced. The baby Sedum spurium will need lots of moisture to grow properly, so you should provide them with water once or twice a day. Cut top growth by around 10cms, don't throw cuttings away  because it is easy to propagate new Sedums from these clippings, see below. Ice-plants root easily from stems pulled away at the base, or take 7.5cm to 10cm long pieces from non-flowering stems, take off the lower leaves, and insert them gently into a fifty – fifty mix of gritty compost and horticultural sand. Spread the seeds over the soil, so not bury them. Ice-plants are great for adding colour and texture to planting on and around the patio, and ‘tropical-looking’ beds are popular. Autumn Joy Sedum. Spread the roots out when planting, making the planting hole a bit wider than it is deeper. Re-potting is generally unnecessary, though containers can be rejuvenated from time to time by taking out the plants, replacing the compost, and replanting with selected parts of the plants, perhaps with a couple of new varieties. The stonecrop is unlikely to affect established plants. The first image, left,  has the old stems still in place, in the second image the growth has been cut away ready for the spring. How to Grow Sedum Growing Conditions. It is not unusual to spot several butterflies, a mass of bees and hover flies all together on a single Sedum plant on a warm day. A good place to plant Sedum is near a garden seat where you can relax watching the bees and butterflies feeding on the Sedums. Bred from a Japanese native, this stonecrop is a great ground cover plant, forming neat mounds about 5cm tall and expanding to about 30cm in diameter. Perfect for a late summer show, with its broad, flat heads of many, tiny, deep-pink flowers  contrasting against the greyish-green waxy leaves from August to October. If so, please consider making a small donation to help maintain and keep the website advert free with no intrusive pop ups or adverts. However, broken stems or cuttings can generally be persuaded to root in pots in controlled conditions at any time of the year. Sedums need no additional water or fertilizer. © 2012-2022 Carol Jackson - The Sunday Gardener is a registered trademark. Most Sedums grow naturally well spaced, so do not overcrowd or allow them to shade each other: put the plants in about 2cm apart. If your plants do suffer an outbreak of vine weevil, targeted biological control using nematodes can be used to avoid adverse effects on beneficial insects. and netting be removed from the bottom of the sedum tile plant BEFORE planting in the ground? Dig a hole twice the width of the rootball. It produces masses of red flowers from August right through to the first frosts of winter and provides nectar into the autumn for red admirals, small tortoiseshells and other late butterflies in the garden. Ice-plants root easily from stems pulled away at the base, or take 7.5cm to 10cm long pieces from non-flowering stems, take off the lower leaves, and insert them gently into a fifty – fifty mix of gritty compost and horticultural sand. provide eye-catching texture and structure with their waxy foliage and dainty, colorful flowers.Many varieties make low-maintenance indoor plants, where they will thrive with minimal care. Place the covered pots on a bright windowsill or in a shady spot in the garden and soon you will see new growth. A major advantage of Sedums is as a top 10 plants for attracting bees, hover flies and butterflies, especially when they first flower and are full of nectar. Prepare the soil by mixing Miracle-Gro® All Purpose Garden Soil with your native soil. Remove any stems that develop with fully green leaves to maintain the variegation. Sedum is a very undemanding plant and is virtually maintenance free apart from a trim back in the spring. More traditionally, they are grown in terracotta pans with other succulents such as Crassulas and Sempervivums. A taller variety of stonecrop that grows up to 15cm in height, with foliage that turns reddish in the winter. Add moistened seed-starting mix to a pot with drainage... Flat. A variety developed from the native biting stonecrop, this is a low, carpet-growing perennial with evergreen yellowish-green leaves and yellow star-like flowers. This can be overcome by pinching out the plants to make them bushier or by using the Chelsea chop in late May or early June. There are few rules in choosing and establishing the plants – though it is essential that there is good drainage, with plenty of drainage holes, and the pot should be raised off the surface with feet to ensure water drains away quickly. It has attractive yellow flowers in the summer, but it is mostly grown for its unusual chocolate-coloured foliage that looks great with other coloured stonecrops in full sunshine. The crowns of ice-plants grown in heavier soils or less well-drained situations are prone to rot in the winter, though adding plenty of grit may help. They will tolerate shade but prefer a position in full sun if they are to bloom well. Some of the variegated varieties such as Sedum alboroseum ‘Lemonade’ will burn in full sun, so will benefit from some light shade during the hottest part of the day. Older specimens of the taller ice-plants may start to die-back from the middle of the clump, becoming straggly as the remaining stems begin to flop outwards. Plant sedum in containers using Miracle-Gro® Cactus, Palm & Citrus Potting Mix. Another low-growing stonecrop variety. Northern hemisphere, extending into Africa and South America, Diminutive, ground-hugging stonecrops to 75cm tall ice-plants, Most species and varieties are fully hardy, Poor, thin, sandy or chalky soils preferred. 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