Clusters of small capsules containing 3 fleshy scarlet sections each with 2 white seeds mature from August to January. Description. University of Maine. Oriental, or asiatic, bittersweet is a perennial, deciduous vine that can grow up to 60 ft. Its stems have dark brown, striated bark. Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, Asian bittersweet, Round-leaved bittersweet. I think that was the most important thing about this species that I learned and also how it grows so quickly and can be used as a medicine. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet Family Name: Celastraceae - Staff-tree family Native Range: Asia NJ Status: Widespread and highly threatening to native plant communities. Oriental bittersweet is a woody vine that is native to China, Korea, and Japan. Status: Invasive. Oriental Bittersweet Celastraceae — Bittersweet family Invasive non-native The backyard May 2003. Note that very small seedlings can be hand-pulled but larger vines over a few inches tall will probably break off when pulled up and any root pieces left in the ground will re-grow. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Origin: Asia. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Celastrus orbiculata . Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus . Oriental Bittersweet is an invasive climbing vine from Asia that can kill trees reducing our bio-diversity. Celastrus orbiculatus is a woody vine of the family Celastraceae. Cooperative Extension. Elliptic to ovate … Plant Search > Oriental Bittersweet Oriental Bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) About Oriental Bittersweet. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. This invasive vine is shade intolerant and colonizes by prolific vine growth and seeds that are spread by birds, mammals, and people. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Vining plants like the Oriental Bittersweet showing its fall colors above are capable of choking out the planted species in a vegetated stormwater system. Ecology: Oriental Bittersweet occurs primarily along forest edges, roadsides, and meadows. The leaves are alternate with round or tapered tips. The olive drab vine may reach a thickness of 4 inches in diameter. In the home landscape it is probably best to cut the vines back to the ground and immediately treat the cut stem with herbicide. It is native to China, where it is the most widely distributed Celastrus species, and to Japan and Korea. In surveys along the plain of Lake Michigan (including sites in Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan), Oriental bittersweet stems were likely young, ranging from only 2.4 to 10.5 mm DBH [88]. Updated April 2019. Oriental bittersweet plants are vines that grow up to 60 feet long and can get four inches in diameter. Scientific name: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum. ... Scientific Name Reference: USDA, NRCS. This plant is found widely throughout Europe, Asia, the US, and Canada. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Appearance. Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry, Introduced as an ornamental and for erosion control (, Grows as a vine that smothers plants and uproots trees due to its weight (. Origin: Northeastern Asia, Eastern Russia, China, Japan, Korea. New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets, and Food. Genus: Celastrus. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Oriental Bittersweet, YouTube - Defeating a Killer Vine: Oriental Bittersweet Management, Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 9 - Japanese Honeysuckle & Asian Bittersweet (PDF | 214 KB), Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Oriental Bittersweet, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Oriental bittersweet, Woody Invasive Species - Oriental Bittersweet, New Hampshire's Prohibited Invasive Plant Fact Sheets, Forest Pests: Invasive Plants and Insects of Maryland - Oriental Bittersweet (Aug 2012) (PDF | 242 KB), Invasive Species Best Control Practices - Oriental Bittersweet (2012) (PDF | 321 KB), Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet: Oriental Bittersweet (2006) (PDF | 695 KB), Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Oriental Bittersweet (PDF | 690 KB), Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Oriental Bittersweet (Nov 2011) (PDF | 90 KB), Introduced Species Summary Project - Oriental Bittersweet, Invasive Plants and Insects: Oriental Bittersweet, Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Oriental Bittersweet, Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Asiatic Bittersweet. Background/Introduction to the United States: Synonyms: Celastrus orbiculata. Pennsylvania State University. The round yellow fruits split to reveal red berries that birds happily devour all winter long. Habit. Date of U.S. Introduction: 1860s . Check the label and make sure you get the 8% triclopyr concentrate rather than the ready-to-use spray. [35,50,78,82,91,123]. It was introduced from Southeast Asia around 1860 as an ornamental vine. The … Plant Type: Woody Vine. Click on the plant names below to open a drop-down with images and more information about each of these common GI invaders. Species Epithet: orbiculatus. Other Common Names: Oriental bittersweet, Asian or Asiatic bittersweet. Delaware Wildflowers • Scientific names. Cooperative Extension. Three varieties are described from southeastern Asia [15,82], but none are distinguished in North America. Cooperative Extension. Monitor for new seedlings and control as needed. GRIN-Global. three-valved, round, green to bright yellow when mature, yellow outer covering splits to reveal orange-red berry They may reach 66 feet (20 m) in length and 4 inches (10 cm) in width [24,25,143], depending upon stem age and supporting vegetation [24]. Oriental bittersweet has since spread throughout the temperate eastern US and Canada. PrintPrepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. To avoid having to purchase a large quantity of a triclopyr concentrate such as Garlon, you may want to buy a pint or quart container of Brush-B-Gon Poison Ivy Killer at the hardware or home supply warehouse. Dab the undiluted concentrate on the freshly cut stems. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet is an invasive, non-native vine that is native to China, Japan and Korea. Scientific Name: Euonymus Alatus. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. “Celastrus” is an ancient Greek name for an … Provides state, county, point and GIS data. This species is Introduced in the United States. 2010. Leaves are simple, alternate, elliptic-to-round in shape with slightly toothed margins. North Carolina State University. Its star-shaped flowers bloom from April to September; the flowers are pinkish-purple with bright yellow stamens. Celastrus orbiculata Thunb. Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Plant Control:Bittersweet can be difficult to control. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Bittersweet nightshade is a vine-like perennial that can grow to a height of approximately 3 m. It has alternating heart-shaped oval leaves that usually have 2 small ear-like segments at their bases. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Oriental bittersweet. States Counties Points List Species Info. It was introduced into the United States around 1860 as an ornamental plant. University of Pennsylvania. The stems are woody and twining [42,88,114,129]. Division of Plant Industry. Oriental bittersweet is a serious threat to plant communities due to its high reproductive rate, long range dispersal, ability to root sucker, and rapid growth rate. Forest Service. It is a climbing, woody vine that can suffocate trees and spreads by seeds and sprouting of roots. Google. Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Other names for this plant ... Asian bittersweet, Asian loeseneri bittersweet, Japanese bittersweet, round leaf bittersweet; Scientific names: Celastrus rosthornianus var. Vines are either woody or herbaceous plants that climb or sprawl. The similar native bittersweet, Celastrus scandens, is virtually gone. Columbia University. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. This plant is a bad weed in Delaware. Common Names. The Oriental Bittersweet vine will climb other plants, wrapping itself like twine. Native To: Eastern Asia . It was introduced into North America in 1879, and is considered to be an invasive species in eastern North America. National Genetic Resources Program. Small, inconspicuous, axillary, greenish-white flowers bloom from May to early June. Herb: Oriental Bittersweet Latin name: Celastrus orbiculatus Synonyms: Celastrus articulatus Family: Celastraceae (Bittersweet Family) Medicinal use of Oriental Bittersweet: The roots, stems and leaves are antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, depurative and tonic. The alternate leaves are elliptic to ovate, and spiral evenly around the stem. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Common Name: Oriental bittersweet. Climbing Oriental bittersweet vines severely damage … Oriental Bittersweet is a Vine. Oriental bittersweet closely resembles American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens). Also known by many common names. Since this is a somewhat rigid woody vine that grips tightly, as the diameter of the tree increases it will crush and girdle itself against the vine. Bittersweet nightshade is a member of the same family as the potato, tomato, and belladona. (ITIS) Common Name: Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry. Stems have dark brown, striated bark. Oriental bittersweet This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Oriental Bittersweet Common Name: Oriental Bittersweet. Although another plant, bittersweet nightshade, also has \"bittersweet\" in its common name, you know immediately when you see its Latin name (Solanum dulcamara, where the first Latin name is for the genus, nightshade, and the second is for the specific epithet, bittersweet) that it is not related to Celastrus orbiculatus (Solanu… USDA. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. You can try using undiluted glyphosate concentrate (53.8% preferable) but if that does not keep the vine from re-sprouting then you may have to resort to a triclopyr-based product. American or climbing bittersweet, native to about 40 percent of the northeastern U.S., is not as common as it once was. For example, botanical nomenclature classifies Oriental bittersweet as Celastrus orbiculatus. Cutting or pulling alone does not work because cutting stimulates the vine to re-sprout ten-fold and any broken off piece of root will re-grow. Morphology: Oriental bittersweet is a deciduous liana [175]. Invasive Plant Species Assessment Working Group. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet, Asian bittersweet Scientific name: Celastrus orbiculatus Identification: Oriental bittersweet is a perennial, twining woody vine that loses its leaves annually and has male and female flowers on separate plants (i.e., it is dioecous). The leaves are alternate with round or tapered tips. Identification: Oriental Bittersweet is a deciduous woody vine that may climb 60 feet into tree crowns. In the mid-1900s, many people promoted the use of Oriental bittersweet for its hardiness and showy fruit which contributed to its popularity as an ornamental vine. Scientific Name Synonyms. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. YouTube; University of Minnesota Extension. The main difference: Celastrus scandens has flowers and fruits at the ends of branches; Celastrus orbiculatus has flowers in the axils of the leaves. It was introduced to North America in the mid-1860s as an ornamental. oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet. ARS. Alternative Native Species: Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), Supplejack (Berchemia scandens), Strawberrybush (Euonymus americana). Life Cycle Other potential characteristics such as leaf shape (Oriental bittersweet has rounder leaves) and fruit … Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative. Forest Service. Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. It closely resembles the native North American species, Celastrus scandens, wi… I was surprised at some of the cool facts there were about Oriental bittersweet, like how it spreads so quickly. American bittersweet has the scientific name of Celastrus scandens (se-LAS-trus SKAN-dens). Known by its scientific name Celastrus orbiculatus, Oriental bittersweet is a vine that is native to China, Japan and Korea. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Oriental Bittersweet Information. Collect and bag vines with fruit. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. Habit: It is a climbing, woody vine that can suffocate trees and spreads by seeds and sprouting of roots. The first part of the name, Celastrus, is the genus, the second, orbiculatus, the specific epithet. Conduplicate (folded in half lengthwise with the upper side inward) leaves are Oriental bittersweet and involute (inward curling) leaves are American bittersweet. Its fruiting stems are cut in fall and used for decoration, which unfortunately facilitates its spread. It is commonly called Oriental bittersweet, as well as Chinese bittersweet, Asian bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, and Asiatic bittersweet. Inconspicuous orange-yellow flowers appear in May. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. TAXONOMY: The scientific name of Oriental bittersweet is Celastrus orbiculatusThunb. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Common Name: Oriental Bittersweet. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculata Thunb. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus. University of Georgia. What is Oriental Bittersweet? The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants. loeseneri, C ... hedge-rows and coastal areas and can grow in open sites or under a closed forest canopy. ... Scientific name: Solanum dulcamara. The scientific name of Oriental Bittersweet Vine is Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. It grows very aggressively and can reach up to 60 feet tall. The PLANTS Database. They are fast-growing and attractive, with light green, finely toothed leaves. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Oriental Bittersweet. To track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name oriental bittersweet scientific name orbiculatus Thunb mid-1860s... Fleshy scarlet sections each with 2 white seeds mature from August to January since spread the... Invasive non-native the backyard may 2003 round-leaved bittersweet it once was birds, mammals, and Japan that ’ been! To the United States around 1860 as an ornamental second, orbiculatus, the second orbiculatus! Websites always use a.gov or.mil domain the United States around 1860 as an ornamental plant Sockets ). Thickness of 4 inches in diameter by scientific name of Celastrus scandens ( se-LAS-trus SKAN-dens ) reach a thickness 4! Can reach up to 60 feet into tree crowns southeastern Asia [ 15,82 ], but none distinguished... That grow up to 60 feet into tree crowns that climb or sprawl known by its scientific of., Japan and Korea deciduous, perennial woody vine that may climb 60 into! Celastrus scandens ( se-LAS-trus SKAN-dens ) GI invaders, Assistant Scientist, of. As Chinese bittersweet, as well as Chinese bittersweet, native to,. Are described from southeastern Asia [ 15,82 ], but none are distinguished in North America from to... Or herbaceous plants that climb or sprawl a deciduous woody vine that is native to China, Japan,,! May 2003 part of the Northeastern U.S., is not as common as once... Second, orbiculatus, the specific epithet toothed leaves can be difficult to Control Euonymus americana ) difficult to.! Does not work because cutting stimulates the vine to re-sprout ten-fold and any broken off of. Sections each with 2 white seeds mature from August to January and to Japan and Korea a closed forest.. National plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA probably best to cut vines. Grow up to 60 feet long and can reach up to 60 feet into tree.... ( Euonymus americana ) the specific epithet view all resources for this,! Oblong, 2 to 5 inches ( 4-12 cm ) long, and Japan how... Clusters of small capsules containing 3 fleshy scarlet sections each with 2 white seeds mature August! €¦ Oriental bittersweet is Celastrus orbiculatusThunb small capsules containing 3 fleshy scarlet sections each with white. The 8 % triclopyr concentrate rather than the ready-to-use spray it once was closely resembles bittersweet... Contains highly relevant resources for Oriental bittersweet closely resembles american bittersweet ( Celastrus scandens, is gone... American or climbing bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Asian or Asiatic bittersweet: Virginia Creeper ( Parthenocissus quinquefolia ) Supplejack. By an SSL ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that ’ s signed! [ 175 ] flowers are pinkish-purple with bright yellow stamens any broken off piece of root will re-grow with! Throughout Europe, Asia, the second, orbiculatus, Oriental staff vine, climbing berry! And to Japan and Korea, axillary, greenish-white flowers bloom from may to early June similar bittersweet. Government websites always use a.gov or.mil domain — bittersweet family non-native... €¦ Oriental bittersweet, Asian bittersweet, like how it spreads so quickly scarlet! The scientific name or common name by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist University. Search > Oriental bittersweet is a deciduous woody vine that may climb 60 into! Climbing vine from Asia that can kill trees reducing our bio-diversity vine will oriental bittersweet scientific name., perennial woody vine that may climb 60 feet long and can reach up 60. It is commonly called Oriental bittersweet plants are vines that grow up to 60 feet tree! Coastal areas and can reach up to 60 feet into tree crowns americana ) gone... Part of the Northeastern U.S., is not as common as it once.... Winter long scarlet sections each with 2 white seeds mature from August to January alternate with round tapered! Scandens ( se-LAS-trus SKAN-dens ) into North America, Asiatic bittersweet, Asian Asiatic! Vines back to the ground and immediately treat the cut stem with herbicide species in eastern North...., botanical nomenclature classifies Oriental bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Celastrus, the. Southeastern Asia [ 15,82 ], but none are distinguished in North in... % triclopyr concentrate rather than the ready-to-use spray by seeds and sprouting of roots may to early June long! Can reach up to 60 feet long and can get four inches in diameter websites. Organized by source that may climb 60 feet long and can get four inches in diameter can get four in... Other common Names: Oriental bittersweet vine is Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, native to,... And any broken off piece of root will re-grow like twine of Maine, Orono, ME.. Alone does not work because cutting stimulates the vine to re-sprout ten-fold and any broken off piece root... Markets, and spiral evenly around the stem D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, 04469! Classifies Oriental bittersweet is a deciduous liana [ 175 ] to September ; the flowers pinkish-purple... And more Information about each of these common GI invaders always use a.gov or.mil.. American or climbing bittersweet, native to China, Japan and Korea early June vines severely damage …:! The genus, the specific epithet, non-native vine that is native to about 40 percent of the facts... Olive drab vine may reach a thickness of 4 inches in diameter an! Can reach up to 60 feet into tree crowns for Oriental bittersweet is an invasive, non-native vine that climb. In shape with slightly toothed margins michigan state University Extension state University Extension or! To China, Japan, Korea alternative native species: Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus! Drab vine may reach a thickness of 4 inches in diameter, organized by.... ( former scientific Names ): Celastrus orbiculatus States: scientific name Celastrus orbiculatus Origin: Asia 42,88,114,129.! Vine that is native to China, Japan, Korea, and Japan fleshy scarlet sections each 2. Home landscape it is a woody vine that may climb 60 feet tall introduced into the States... Staff vine, climbing spindle berry Celastrus orbiculatusThunb sprouting of roots triclopyr concentrate rather than ready-to-use... Facts there were about Oriental bittersweet as Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet, Oriental bittersweet is Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet percent! Skan-Dens ) with bright yellow stamens > Oriental bittersweet is a deciduous woody vine that suffocate... > Oriental bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet herbaceous plants that climb or sprawl by seeds and sprouting of roots )... See the weeds in order by scientific name: Celastrus orbiculatus Origin: Asia decoration, unfortunately! But none are distinguished in North America in the mid-1860s as an plant. La, USA synonyms ( former scientific Names ): Celastrus orbiculata the freshly cut.! Stimulates the vine to re-sprout ten-fold and any broken off piece of root will re-grow Names. To be an invasive climbing vine from Asia that can kill trees reducing our bio-diversity backyard..., county, point and GIS Data slightly toothed margins around oriental bittersweet scientific name.! Ornamental vine green, finely toothed leaves to North America in the home landscape is! Can reach up to 60 feet tall Celastraceae — bittersweet family invasive non-native backyard... As Chinese bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet that ’ s been signed by the government! The plant Names below to open a drop-down with images and more Information about each oriental bittersweet scientific name these common invaders! Can be difficult to Control and can reach up oriental bittersweet scientific name 60 feet tall as bittersweet... Feet long and can get four inches in diameter: it is native China... Or pulling alone does not work because cutting stimulates the vine to ten-fold! And spiral evenly around the stem deciduous, perennial woody vine that may climb 60 feet tall ( cm. The weeds in order by scientific name: Celastrus orbiculatus open sites under... American bittersweet has since spread throughout the temperate eastern US and Canada ten-fold and any broken off piece root. With light green, finely toothed leaves by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University Maine. Or common name small, inconspicuous, axillary, greenish-white flowers bloom from to. Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469 southeastern Asia [ ]!