[9] There is also a source claiming that the term originated from Ki Nabalu, Ki meaning "have" or "exist", and Nabalu meaning "spirit of the dead".[10]. [94] It is only one of three pre-World War II buildings to survive the war. The British Crown declared Jesselton as the new capital of North Borneo in 1946 and started to rebuild the town. According to the 2010 census, the population of the district was 462,963. [27] On 22 December 1967, the State Legislative Assembly under Chief Minister Mustapha Harun passed a bill renaming Jesselton as Kota Kinabalu. Among the well-established and prestigious boarding schools in Sabah is Sekolah Menengah Sains Sabah, formally known as Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Sabah (SBPS), which is in Bukit Padang. [43] The wind speed ranges from 5.5 to 7.9 m/s during the Northeast Monsoon but is significantly lower to 0.3 to 3.3 m/s during the Southwest Monsoon. [70] The city's traffic police headquarters is located along Lorong Dewan near Gaya Street, and the marine police headquarters is located near the city ferry terminal along Tun Razak Road. On top of a hill in the city, there is also a freemason hall. Kota Kinabalu has two ports: Kota Kinabalu Port and Sepanggar Bay Container Port (SBCP). [87] The established Public College Tunku Abdul Rahman is in the Donggongon area. Prince Philip Park is freely accessible to the public, while the others need permission. There are many live seafood restaurants such as Hua Hing Seafood Restaurant (located at Sedco Complex), Welcome Seafood Restaurant (Asia City) and Hung Xing Seafood Restaurant around the city. Currently, there are four boarding schools in Sabah. Hospital Wanita dan Kanak-kanak (Sabah Women and Children Hospital) serves as a referral hospital for children and women. The sanctuary was given additional protection as a State Cultural Heritage Site in 1998. As in most other parts of Sabah, there was also a significant number of illegal immigrants from the southern Philippines - mainly from the Sulu Archipelago and Mindanao - many of whom are not included in the population statistics. The population development of Kota Kinabalu as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). It is the largest urban centre in Sabah and the sixth largest in Malaysia. There are many leisure spots and conserved areas in and around Kota Kinabalu. Monsopiad Cultural Village (Kampung Monsopiad) features cultural shows related to the Kadazan-Dusun culture. It has been certified by the Kota Kinabalu City Hall as a litter-free university.[86]. This forest is now known as the Kota Kinabalu City Bird Sanctuary. Please check your download folder. Please report a case here There are no deaths confirmed in Kota Kinabalu, due to the COVID-19 coronavirus. The Northeast Monsoon occurs between November and March, while the Southwest Monsoon occurs between May and September. [93] The declaration was announced by Sabah's first Chief Minister, Tun Fuad Stephens, on 16 September 1963, also known as Malaysia Day. Sayfol International School Sabah teaches from kindergarten to the GCE 'A' Levels, which is taken at age 18 (pre-university). [53] The mixed race offspring of Kadazan and Chinese are referred to as Sino-Kadazans or simply "Sinos".[53]. The number of Kadazan-Dusun speakers is thought to have dropped significantly throughout Sabah, especially in larger towns or cities like Kota Kinabalu. Since the 15th century, the area of Jesselton was under the influence of the Bruneian Empire. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Kota Kinabalu is located on the west coast of Sabah. Kota Kinabalu’s population is expected to reach almost one million by 2020. Several countries have set up their consulates in Kota Kinabalu, including Australia,[128] Brunei,[129] China,[130] Czech Republic,[131] Denmark,[132] France,[133] Finland,[134] Indonesia,[135] Japan,[136] Norway,[137] Panama,[138] Romania,[139] Slovakia,[140] Spain,[141] Sweden[140] and the United Kingdom. These include Imago KK Times Square, Oceanus Waterfront Mall, Karamunsing Complex, Centre Point, Wisma Merdeka, Warisan Square, Plaza Wawasan, Asia City Complex,[4] City Mall, KK Plaza, Mega Long Mall, Suria Sabah and 1Borneo, which is the largest hypermall in Kota Kinabalu. Hospital Mesra Bukit Padang (Bukit Padang Mental Hospital), which opened in 1971, provides psychiatric services for the entire state. Kota Kinabalu is the capital city of Sabah in East Malaysia, a cultural melting pot and major tourist gateway to explore the northern region of Borneo Island or more popularly, 'Land Below the Wind'. [16] In 1882, BNBC founded a small settlement in the area known as Gaya Bay, which was already inhabited by Bajau people. [72] It has, among others, a 20,000-seater football (soccer) stadium,[118] badminton, tennis, and squash courts, a gymnasium, an Olympic size swimming pool, a driving range, hockey fields and a new Youth Challenge park consisting of an international standard skate park and indoor climbing centre. within Malaysia and internationally. The entrance car parking area to Tanjung Aru has increase in size as the previous building that were on the site have been demolished in 2017. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia metro area from 1950 to 2021. The first wave of migrants arrived in the late 15th century during the Spanish colonisation, while a later wave arrived in the early 1970s, driven away from the Philippines by political and economic uncertainties there. In Chinese, the city is still known as 'Api', which is the Hakka pronunciation for 亚庇 (Simplified Chinese; Traditional Chinese: 亞庇; Pinyin: yà bì). It can also be used informally to refer to any towns or cities. Other international schools are the Kinabalu Japanese School, one of four Japanese schools in Malaysia and the Kota Kinabalu Indonesian School. Both English medium schools are in Bukit Padang. The Merdeka Square (Malay: Padang Merdeka) or also known as "Town Field" is the site where the declaration of Sabah's independence and formation of Malaysia took place. After the formation of Malaysia, North Borneo was renamed as Sabah. [41], During the 1995–2004 period, Kota Kinabalu's average temperature ranges from 26 °C (79 °F) to 28 °C (82 °F). Another suggested historical name is Deasoka, which roughly means "below the coconut tree" in the Bajau language. Kota Kinabalu has a population of 452,058 according to the 2010 census;[5] when the adjacent Penampang and Putatan districts are included, the metro area has a combined population of 628,725.[5]. [60] There are two main bus terminals in the city centre. [36] In 1996, the state government declared 24 acres (9.7 ha) of the forest as a protected area. Tanjung Aru, located about 10 kilometres, 6 miles, from the city centre, is one of the beaches along the West Coast. [64] In 2004, Kota Kinabalu Port handled about 3.6 million tonnes of freight cargo, the third highest in the state after Sandakan Port and Tawau Port. Explanation: Population totals are adjusted for underenumeration. The Double Six Monument, located in Sembulan, is also a memorial to remember Sabah's first Chief Minister and six other state ministers who died on a plane crash known as the Double Six Tragedy on 6 June 1976.[95]. It has one terminal[62] and is the second busiest airport in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur International Airport and is one of the main gateways into Sabah and East Malaysia. [21] The Malay and Bajau uprisings during those times were not uncommon, and BNBC worked to quell the long-standing threat of piracy in the region. Kota Kinabalu is the capital city of the state of Sabah, Malaysia on the island of Borneo. One of these is Signal Hill, which confines the CBD to the shore. The Malaysian Census 2010 Report estimated the population of Kota Kinabalu at 452,058. Among those who performed include Grupo Da Bossa, Gordon Horace Chin, Hady Afro, Joe Balanjiu Jr and La Sambusa Latina from Argentina. It is surrounded by forests and also features a man-made lake. City Mayor: Datuk Illiyas Ibrahim Administration: Dewan Bandaraya Kota Kinabalu (City Council) Population (city): 543,765 (2008) Urban population: approx. More recently, the number of expatriates living in the city, whether temporarily or permanently, have also increased. [4] In 1897, this first settlement was burned and destroyed by the indigenous Bajau-Suluk chief Mat Salleh. The city obtained city status on 2 February 2000,[27] and prior to this it was administered by Majlis Perbandaran Kota Kinabalu (Kota Kinabalu Municipal Council/Kota Kinabalu Town Hall). In Kota Kinabalu lives also a small percentage of Europeans. The city is linked by highways to other towns in Sabah. Sabah State Government and DANCED (Danish Co-operation for Environment and Development): This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 19:28. Sepanggar Bay Port will have an annual capacity of 200,000 TEU when its container terminal is completed. [90] It hosts the annual Kaamatan or Harvest Festival and the Unduk Ngadau beauty contest, which is held concurrently, in May. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Interracial marriages are not uncommon and Kadazan-Chinese intermarriages are particularly common. The local population consists mainly of Malays, Chinese, Filipinos and Bajaus. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. The largest is Gaya Island, the site of the first British settlement. However, it was destroyed by fire in 1897 by a local leader named Mat Salleh. The Japanese occupation of Jesselton provoked several local uprisings notably the Jesselton Revolt but they were eventually defeated by the Japanese. In 1950, the population of Kuching was 74,191. The population of Kota Kinabalu is approximately 452058 The Area of Kota Kinabalu is roughly 352.24 km² (136.00 mi²) The Kota Kinabalu is an city of Malaysia in the Region Sabah of the Country Malaysia Kota Kinabalu Radius Area Usage Examples . There are two international schools teaching the British Curriculum. It is the seat of the state government where almost all of their ministries and agencies are based. [79], There are many government or state schools in and around the city. It is also used formally in a few other Malaysian towns and cities, for example, Kota Bharu, Kota Tinggi, and Kota Kemuning. [116] [7] The population of the city/district of Kota Kinabalu is 462,963. Kota Kinabalu Port mainly handles loose/bulk cargo, while SBCP operates as a naval base for the Royal Malaysian Navy and an oil depot in addition to handling containerised cargo. [104] The park is a two-hour drive away from the city and Mount Kinabalu, which is the 10th highest peak in South-East Asia and the highest in Malaysia, is located there. [22] After the Japanese takeover of Borneo, it was again renamed Api. 2023 363,000 Most of the earlier migrants have been naturalised as Malaysian citizens. Understand Kota Kinabalu is a growing city of around 500,000 inhabitants. There are no suspected cases of coronavirus in Kota Kinabalu. A third bus terminal, the North Kota Kinabalu Bus Terminal in Inanam district, services intercity buses heading towards destinations north and north-east of the city (Ranau, Sandakan, Lahad Datu, Tawau, Semporna etc.). The Sabah Police Contingent Headquarters is located in Kepayan. [94] It was formerly used as a navigation aid for ships. The park is about a 10 to 15 minutes boat ride away from the city ferry terminal. Kota Kinabalu is often known as K.K. The people of Kota Kinabalu mainly speak Malay, with a distinct Sabahan creole. Economic growth has resulted in urbanisation of the city reaching adjacent districts of Penampang and Putatan with a total population of almost 800,000. A simple way to describe the people of the city is "orang KK", where orang means "person" or "people" in Malay. [21] Sutera Harbour Golf & Country Club near the city centre was built on reclaimed land. [4] The original local plant life has largely disappeared, but several hills within the city (too steep for building) are still clothed with tropical rainforest. The second main government hospital are mainly used for heart centre. [15], After the destruction, BNBC decided to relocate the settlement to the more easily defended mainland at Gantian Bay (now Sepanggar Bay) in 1898. [107] These houses are built on shallow coastal waters and are homes for the Bajau and Suluk inhabitants.[108]. Day 3 and 4: Kinabalu National Park. Outlying neighbourhoods and residential suburbs include Kepayan Ridge, Tanjung Aru, Petagas, Kepayan, Lido, Lintas, Nosoob, Bukit Padang, Luyang, Damai, Lok Kawi, Bukit Bendera, Kasigui, Bundusan, Likas and Kolombong. The Sabah State Museum, situated near the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, is the main museum of Sabah. [38] Kota Kinabalu is generally isolated from the rest of the country; it is located about 1,624 kilometres (1,009 mi) from Kuala Lumpur in Peninsular Malaysia[39] and 804 kilometres (500 mi) from Kuching in the neighbouring state of Sarawak. Other public libraries include the Kota Kinabalu City (Regional) Library, Penampang Branch Library and Menggatal Village Library. It is also the capital of the Kota Kinabalu District as well as the West Coast Division of Sabah. There are four members of parliament (MPs) representing the four parliamentary constituencies in the city: Sepanggar (P.171), Kota Kinabalu (P.172), Putatan (P.173), Tuaran (“P.176”) and Penampang (P.174). Population The population of Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia is 457326 according to the GeoNames geographical database. Unless inside a mega city, typically Kota Kinabalu would be considered to be a city as it has a population in excess of 100,000. This plan provided £6,051,939 for the rebuilding of infrastructure in North Borneo. The Atkinson Clock Tower near Bandaran Berjaya was built by Mary Edith Atkinson in 1905 in memory of her son, Francis George Atkinson. The Likas Sports Complex in Kota Kinabalu provides various sporting and recreational facilities for public use. However, some effort has been taken by some to revive the usage of the language. The population development in Kota Kinabalu as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). The city is defined within the borders of what is the district, formerly the municipality, of Kota Kinabalu. It has become an annual event. Most of the Foochow speakers in particular emigrated to Sabah from the neighbouring Malaysian state of Sarawak. [42] April and May are the hottest months, while January is the coolest one. [105], The Tun Mustapha Tower (formerly Sabah Foundation Building) is about a 10-minute drive from the city centre. There are currently no freeways in the city or in any other part of Sabah. A number of industrial and manufacturing companies also have plants here, especially in the industrial districts of Likas, Kolombong, and Inanam. Most of them come from China, South Korea, Japan, Australia, Taiwan and Europe. [12] The Bajau locals purportedly used this name to refer to a village in the southern part of the city which was filled with coconut trees. Both also operate as police stations. People from Sabah are called Sabahans. The Kadazan-Dusuns, Muruts, Rungus and Lundayeh/Lun Bawang mainly practice Folk forms of Christianity, Islam, or Animism, whilst the Chinese are mainly Buddhists, Taoist or Christians. The North Borneo Railway, which begins its journey from Tanjung Aru station, offers a scenic tour of the countryside in the West Coast Division and the Interior Division. Wisma Budaya Art Gallery in the city centre hosts some national as well as regional art exhibitions. Anjung Samudra (KK Waterfront) is a waterfront entertainment spot in the city centre which features restaurants, cafes, pubs, and a nightclub. Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), founded in 1994, is the largest university in Sabah. [101] The Green Connection aquarium just outside the centre of KK showcases the fish, coral and reptile biodiversity of Sabah, with exhibits on many of the aquatic ecosystems of Sabah. [96] The beach is 3 kilometres in length. [27], Being the capital city of Sabah, Kota Kinabalu plays an important role in the political and economic welfare of the population of the entire state. [55], Besides being the capital city, Kota Kinabalu is also the main industrial and commercial centre for Sabah. [48] However, as almost 50% of Kota Kinabalu residents are of Chinese descent,[54] Chinese is also widely spoken. Kota is a Malay word for a "fort", "town", or a "city". Kota Kinabalu currently has sixteen sister cities: For the federal constituency represented in the Dewan Rakyat, see, City and state capital in Sabah, Malaysia, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Francis Convent, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Kota Kinabalu, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Tun Ahmadshah, List of twin towns and sister cities in Malaysia, List of tallest buildings in Kota Kinabalu, "Malaysia Elevation Map (Elevation of Kota Kinabalu)", "May 1 MALAYSIA UPDATE and NOTES ON SUFFIXES", "Population Distribution by Local Authority Areas and Mukims, 2010 (page 1 & 8)", "Tourism hub set to lift Sabah real estate", "Rapid development in Kota Kinabalu has its drawbacks", "KINABALU: Kina Balu , Aki Nabalu, or Ki Nabalu? [41] Two prevailing monsoons characterise the climate of this part of Sabah are the Northeast Monsoon and the Southwest Monsoon. [21][61] Today, the railway line is known as the Western Line and managed by the Sabah State Railway, providing daily services for commuters, travellers, as well as for cargo transportation. At the Green Connection aquarium, there are 5 of the top 10 wildlife icons of Borneo like sharks, rays, coral, fish and snakes. It contains three High Courts, six Magistrates' courts, six Sessions Courts including the Child Sexual Offence Court and a Federal Court. It is a major tourist destination and a popular gateway for travellers visiting Sabah and Borneo. The Tuaran Crocodile Farm, about 30 kilometres north of the city, has around 1400 crocodiles in its enclosure, making it the largest of its kind in Sabah. Aside from buses, minibuses or vans are used as an alternative mode of public transport. [29] Iliyas in turn became the second mayor of the city after taking over from Abdul Ghani Rashid in 2006. Some examples are Lintasan Deasoka, Api-Api Centre and Singgah Mata Street. 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